The expert : Anaïs Durand, naturopath in Marseille and holder of a DESU in Nutrition & Health.
Cheese department, difficult to sort between the cheeses that you can spread on your baguette and those that you must be absolutely wary of for 9 months. As for camemberts, a pregnant woman will have to sort it out, because of the risk of food contamination at the time of purchase. Camembert, this soft cheese with a bloomy rind, whose powerful taste is appreciated, can only be consumed pregnant if made from pasteurized milk.
If the camembert is not pasteurized, it can always be eaten roasted, without the crust, or turn to cheeses that present no risk, such as those with pressed cooked paste. Important source of calcium and proteins, essential during pregnancy, we must not exclude all dairy products from our diet.
What cheeses can I eat when pregnant?
Rest assured, even if some cheeses are said to be “prohibited” during pregnancy, given the risks of transmission of listeriosis they present, you can consume other categories provided you are very vigilant on the label. and their method of preparation. “You can turn to cooked pressed cheeses (in other words hard cheeses) such as Emmental, Comté, Beaufort, Gouda, for example, or uncooked, if the ripening is more than 6 months. But you can also eat all cheeses made from pasteurized milk”, advises Anaïs Durand, naturopath and holder of a DESU Nutrition and Health.
Pasteurized cheeses during pregnancy
Pasteurized milk cheeses, of the industrial type, were made using pasteurization, a method invented by Louis Pasteur and which consists of heating the milk to 63°C for 30 minutes or to 72°C for 15 seconds in order to eliminate possible pathogenic bacteria such as listeria and salmonella. Admittedly, they have a less pronounced taste, but it is possible to consume pasteurized milk cheese during pregnancy. That said, it is still preferable to remove the crust in case any bacteria could have developed there after its manufacture. Indeed, the cold does not eliminate the bacteria if it contaminates the outside of the product.
What cheeses not to eat for a pregnant woman?
“Soft cheeses, made from raw milk, with a bloomy rind (brie, camembert) or washed (munster, maroilles, époisses, livarot, pont-l’évêque), uncooked pressed cheese (reblochon, saint-nectaire, etc.) .) and short-aged, if they are not made from pasteurized milk, should not be consumed during pregnancy,” warns the specialist. Camembert, for example, is traditionally made from raw milk. A milk which, when it has not been pasteurized, can be contaminated by a bacterium, listeria monocytogene, which has potentially serious consequences for the baby.
Risk of Listeria contamination in raw milk
Rest assured, listeriosis is not widespread in France since only 300 to 400 cases are recorded each year by Public Health France. But it is important to guard against this food-borne infection, which is caused by the development of the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. Because it can have dramatic consequences on the baby. “In the future mother, listeriosis gives the symptoms of flu or gastroenteritis. But, when it crosses the barrier of the placenta, it can cause serious damage to the fetus and lead to miscarriage, premature delivery or malformations”, warns Anaïs Durand. To deal with the risk of contamination and toxi-infection, the expectant mother must therefore be vigilant throughout pregnancy.
Pregnant women: beware of listeriosis
Without consequences for healthy people, listeriosis therefore presents a risk for vulnerable people such as pregnant women, the elderly, frail and immunocompromised and infants. This is why, throughout pregnancy, you must be careful to exclude cheeses (and foods in general) that could potentially be contaminated from your menu. Know that if the food has been contaminated upstream, the cold does not eliminate listeria.
Can camembert or brie be pasteurized cheeses?
Of course, there are Camemberts and Bries made from pasteurized milk that can be eaten without risk. But beware, it is still advisable for a pregnant woman to remove their crust when it is not known how they were stored and if they do not come out of the packagingunless you cook them in the oven.
How do you know if a Camembert is pasteurized?
To ensure that the camembert is well made from pasteurized milk, it is advisable to read its label carefully. Pasteurized camemberts are most often produced industrially and can be found in supermarkets. Made from milk that has been cooked at a very high temperature, they present no risk of contamination. When purchasing, care should be taken to choose carefully packaged cheese, and of course, the expiry date is checked.
Can I eat hot/cooked Camembert when pregnant ?
Do you miss the taste of camembert and its melting texture? As we know, having to do without certain foods such as raw milk cheese, sushi or seafood during pregnancy can lead to food frustration! To comfort you, know that it is possible to eat Camembert made from pasteurized milk, or any other Camembert, once it has been cooked through in the oven.
Camembert in the oven, or roasted
“Camembert can be eaten without restriction provided that it has been baked in the oven,” explains Anaïs Durand. You can enjoy the delicacy of a whole Camembert, roasted in the oven at 200°C for about 20 minutes, or cut your Camembert into slices to garnish a vegetable gratin, for example, using the same process.
Other cheeses: is Comté pasteurized?
Comté is a delicious cheese made in the Jura. As it is a cooked pressed cheese, it is considered a safe cheese during pregnancy.
Can I eat Comté cheese when pregnant ?
Like Gruyère, Beaufort or Abundance, which are part of cooked pressed cheeses, county can be safely consumed during pregnancy. “Without excess however! Because the rule during pregnancy is to consume a variety of fresh quality products, preferably organic, to avoid exposure to pesticides and endocrine disruptors. So remember to look at product labels in order to limit flavor enhancers, synthetic preservatives and other harmful additives on your plate as much as possible,” concludes Anaïs Durand.
Good news ! Once the baby is there and if you breastfeed him, you can eat good raw milk cheeses without restriction.