baby care

Benign lesions on the skin of the baby: types and care

Être parents

Although baby’s skin is soft and smooth, it is also delicate and sensitive. Therefore, it is common for her to have different lesions.

Benign lesions on the skin of the baby: types and care

Last update : October 05, 2022

There are benign lesions on the baby’s skin that are usually transient and disappear spontaneously over time. In addition, the newborn’s skin is not yet fully developed, which makes it essential to implement appropriate care to try to prevent their appearance.

Types of benign lesions on the baby’s skin

In most cases, benign lesions of the baby’s skin have an evolution that is limited to the first months of life, without the need for treatment. However, it is important to recognize them so that parents do not worry. Lesions can be caused by various factors such as cold, heat, bacteria, allergies, fungi or prolonged contact with a wet diaper. Discover below the most common benign lesions.


The military is a type of rash which occurs in newborns due to blockage of their underdeveloped sweat glands. This manifests as tiny red bumps on the buttocks and back. To prevent them, it is recommended not to dress the baby too warmly or with thick layers and choose 100% cotton clothing.

Milia is more common in hot, humid climates. This is a type of rash that is identified by the appearance of tiny red bumps on babies.

Nappy rash

Diaper rash affects approximately 50% of infants and accounts for 25% of dermatological consultations in the first year of life. The main manifestations are a red rash in the areas covered by the diaper. For this reason, the ideal is avoid prolonged skin contact with feces and urine to reduce the humidity in the area. In addition, it is advisable that the canvas or the adhesive strips do not generate too much friction on the surface of the skin.

milk crust

Seborrheic dermatitis, also known as cradle cap, usually occurs during the first weeks of life. It is characterized by the presence of white or yellow scales on oily scalp. Although there is no way to prevent its occurrence, once it is there it can be cured. using sweet almond oil.

Neonatal acne

The appearance of neonatal acne is very similar to adolescent acne. That is, the baby presents inflammatory papules, comedones and pustules on the face. In addition, acne appears during the first weeks of life in 20% of infants due to stimulation of the sebaceous glands. Although this problem usually resolves on its own within the first few months of life, 2% erythromycin creams may be indicated.

Toxic erythema of the newborn

Toxic erythema is an inflammatory and benign skin pathology. It presents between the first and third day of life as tiny papules on the trunk. There is no way to prevent it, but it also does not require treatment because it it is an asymptomatic and self-limiting condition.

Atopic eczema

Atopic dermatitis is the most common skin condition, not only in babies but also in children and adults. The skin is red and itchy in different parts of the body.

It is also known as atopic dermatitis. It is the most common skin condition that affects babies, children and adults. In general, the symptoms begin during the first year of life and improve as the child gets older. However, dermatitis may reappear in flare-ups after a few years.

In this case, the skin is red, rough and dry. In addition, atopic eczema is manifested by intense itching, especially on the cheeks and in the flexing areas of the legs and arms. Although its development cannot be prevented due to its genetic basis, it is recommended to keep the skin hydratedto use cotton clothes and to take short baths in lukewarm water.

Blue spot

It is a nevus that is located in the lumbosacral region and can extend to the buttocks. Moreover, it is found from birth and it tends to gradually disappear in the first years of life. It can sometimes persist through childhood and even into adulthood.

baby skin care

The skin is a protective barrier that helps prevent the loss of minerals and body fluids, prevents the absorption of toxic substances and protects against various infections.

On his side, newborn baby skin is sensitive and delicate, as well as his immune system. So while rashes are common in newborns, perfumes and dyes in clothes, as well as chemicals and detergents, can cause dryness, irritation, rashes, and chafing. Here are some recommendations for taking care of newborn skin:

  • Do not give him the bath too often: otherwise, you wash away the skin’s natural protective oils, leaving it dry and vulnerable.
  • Avoid the use of scented cosmetics : indeed, they can cause irritation during the first months of baby’s life.
  • Rinse clothes before wearing them for the first time : you should even choose rinses for clothes that do not have dyes and perfumes.

Benign baby skin lesions and medical consultation

Luckily, most benign skin lesions in babies are present for a short time and go away on their own. However, there are cases that may require ointments, creams, or oral medications to resolve the issue. In conclusion, it is always important to consult the pediatrician in case of concern or before starting any treatment not indicated by a specialist.

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