baby care

Baby’s fragile skin: how to maintain and protect it?

Baby's fragile skin: how to maintain and protect it?

Your baby’s skin issensitive, easily irritated and very permeable. You must therefore be careful what you apply, because there are several risks: allergies, irritations… You must first of all choose special baby productsand organize the moment of the toilet, which must reconcile hygiene, efficiency, protection, pleasure and safety.

What cream and what soap to put on baby’s face?

Check that the products you choose are hypoallergenic, without alcohol and with a neutral PH (hydrogen potential) so that they do not attack the skin. Generally, they are made from natural materials: sweet almond oil, vegetable glycerin.

What does mean “hypoallergenic” ?

Normally, this product has been formulated to minimize the risk of triggering an allergic reaction. But No risk does not exist, and a baby can be allergic without his mother having discovered it yet. Therefore, no formulation, no mention can guarantee 100% the absence of adverse reactions.

If the soap is too acidic for the skinopt for a dermatological formula combining body and hair cleansing, equipped with a pump (more hygienic). It will be more practical, to handle than a bar without soap, when you apply it to him on the changing table before rinsing him in his bath. Whatever, do not use an adult product.

Exceptionally, when you are not at home, you can have a cleansing milk “without rinsing”, the one used for change. Avoid it if your baby has dry or rough skin.

Warning: no baths that are too long

When you give him the bath, avoid letting your baby daub too long. The water is indeed often too calcareous and harmful for such fine skin, which could therefore easily dry out. The hydrolipidic film supposed to protect it has not yet formed.

The bath should therefore not not exceed a few minutes. If you see that he is having fun and that his skin supports it well, you can extend a little. Above all, never leave your baby alone in his bath. Never leave him, even for a short time.

Baby products and cosmetics: ingredients to avoid

Even if the special baby products are designed for the fragile skin of an infant, there are still products to be wary of. Here are some of them, according to Laurence Wittner, director of L’Observatoire des Cosmétiques, author of several books on cosmetics.

endocrine disruptors

These substances can affect the hormonal system. Their effect is particularly harmful during the embryonic period and during early childhood.

  • Phthalates and synthetic musks : used in perfumes and which can be suspected in the list of ingredients because of their names (perfume, fragrance);
  • some parabens, because not all of them are toxic: there are still suspicions about long chain parabens : propylparaben, butylparaben, isobutylparaben. It is advisable, in babies and children who have permeable skin, to restrict the use of long-chain parabens.

Allergenic compounds

It is advisable to avoid certain terpene derivatives (derived from terpenes, a class of hydrocarbons generated by certain plants, in particular conifers), which could cause allergies in the youngest. We can cite :

  • the camphor;
  • I’eucalyptol ;
  • the menthol.

Essential oils

Essential oils are molecules very complex, containing multiple substances with sometimes powerful effects (due in particular to their extreme concentration) and not always harmless. They present risk of allergies.

A few precautionary principles

When choosing a cosmetic for your baby, your first selection criteria should be its composition. Buy a product whose the list of ingredients is as short as possible. The fewer different substances your child comes into contact with, the less likely they are to encounter one to which they are allergic or reactive.

Few products are enough, it is better to keep essentials (washing gel, body moisturizer, cleansing milk or massage cream).

So that this soft and fragile skin can develop properly, do not hesitate to hydrate your child once a day. Take a cream or milk recommended by your doctor.

We generally offer products of the type cold cream, in particular based on petroleum jelly, vegetable oils. They moisturize especially the very dry parts of the skin and the folds.

For the face, opt for a day cream. It is generally fattier than milk. Apply two or three small hazelnuts and make the product penetrate well.

My newborn has peeling skin, is this normal?

Your baby’s skin may peels during its first week of life, peeling, or rough. This is normal: it is no longer protected by vernix, a white, greasy substance that envelops the fetus in the mother’s womb and waterproofs the skin. Nothing to worry about: this should be sorted out soonduring the process of renewing the skin of the newborn.

How to take care of a baby’s skin when he has cradle cap and redness?

The buttons and the skin irritations are common ailments in infants. To help him regain soft skin and relieve his pain, let’s take the right steps.

diaper rash

It is a simple irritation of the infant’s buttocks, due to the maceration of stool and urine in the diaper. The skin is irritated and very red. As long as your baby has diaper rash, do not use wipes. After a bowel movement, carefully wash her little buttocks with a cotton pad soaked in hot water. Dry them, insisting on the folds, then apply a thick layer of cream (zinc oxide cream) to protect against urine and speed healing of irritated areas.

As far as possible, theget your baby bare bottom to the max, try a different type of diaper and change it often. If the erythema does not improve within two days, consult the pediatrician.

Milk crusts

These yellowish patches, which form on the head of toddlers, have nothing to do with milk! Cradle cap is caused by excessive sebum buildup in babies who sweat a lot.

Apply, about twenty minutes before his bath, an emollient that softens cradle cap. Then make a thorough shampoo. Carefully remove any loose scales with a bristle brush. Only use toiletries designed for babies.

eczema in children

Also called atopic dermatitis, I’eczema infant is arash of oozing or dry red patches that itch occurs in a family context of allergic ground. Medical treatment is the responsibility of a pediatrician or dermatologist.

  • To improve eczema and limit it, cut nails short of your baby or put on small cotton mittens to avoid abrasions due to scratching. ;
  • Give quick, lukewarm baths with a surgras soap without rubbing, then apply a hypoallergenic moisturizer;
  • In any case, it is necessary avoid overheated parts, as well as direct contact with wool and synthetics because the skin breathes better.

newborn acne

Newborn acne is manifested by small red buttons ending in a white tip. It occurs on the forehead, nose and cheekbones, in the weeks following birth. It disappears spontaneously around 3 months. Do not squeeze the pimples, do not rub them. Just wash the skin with water, dry it carefully by dabbing with a clean cloth.

Depending on the season, what specific products for sensitive skin?

In winter as in summer, you will have to be vigilant and take even more care of your baby’s sensitive skin. Of the covering clothes and a Solar cream Sun Creme are of course essential.

Against cold and dry skin

The cold goes dry out, irritate his skin. You should pay particular attention to his face, because it is the uncovered part that is most exposed. Ask advice to your doctorhe will help you choose a moisturizer that you can apply to him morning and evening.

Against heat and dehydration

As for the sun, babies under one year old should not be exposed to it because their skin is still immature and allows UVA and UVB rays to pass through.

In summer, when it is very hot, they can sweat a lot and see their skin become dehydrated; Prevention :

  • Give him baths every day to prevent the sweat from irritating it. The rest of the time, when it’s not hot, it’s not worth giving him a bath every day. Every two or three days is enough ;
  • As in normal times, and even more particularly when temperatures are high, hydrate it with a cream at least once a day ;
  • give him a bottle of water several times a day.

Clothing adapted to the fragile skin of infants

Prefer them natural materials for your baby like flax, hemp, wool. You can opt for some organically grown t-shirts or onesies that contain less polluting additives.

You will spot these clothes thanks to labels such as: Ecocert, RvA and KvA, Eko, Demeter. It is recognized that these textiles avoid the appearance of possible allergic reactions and allow the skin to breathe better.

  • Don’t dose it too much and check well that there is no longer any trace on the clothes of your child;
  • Choose soft and hypoallergenic versions. Some designed with Marseille soap are specially indicated for washing babies’ clothes.

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