From 10 months, food education, the introduction of pieces
That’s it, the food diversification has been set up, and your baby is completely familiar with the smooth purées that he devours twice a day. He is now ready to continue discovering new tastes and especially new textures. Because around 10 months, the baby often already has 4 to 8 small teeth – incisors first – and in the following two to three months, the first molars should break through. “
Around 10 months, the baby is ready for the integration of fondant pieces in his dishes” indicates the nutritionist.
Well-cooked vegetables in pieces, very ripe and melting fruits but also finely chopped or crushed textures with a fork, can be mixed with the baby’s purée. They love trying to catch them with their fingers: let them do it, it arouses their curiosity, makes meals more enjoyable and develops their fine motor skills. They will then have plenty of time to learn to eat properly!
What new foods?
From 10 months, the baby can eat almost the same foods as adults, so let’s take advantage of it because he is still at an age where he accepts everything! “Food neophobia only arrives later, around a year and a half or two years old: the child begins to shun a large category of foods, mainly those he is not used to” explains Aurélia Bardot. All vegetables are welcome on his plate even the strongest in taste and the most fibrous. Ditto on the fruit side: we can now let them savor red fruits – blueberries, blackberries, raspberries – which they can even eat raw if they are very ripe.
Children can also eat eggs and most meats and fish. Cereals containing gluten are also allowed, and in particular the famous bread crouton which they will enjoy chewing for a long time.
Finally, we can start at this age to offer nuts to the baby, provided that they are finely crushed or pureed.
Foods not to give
But if a majority of foods are now authorized for the 10-month-old child, there are nevertheless some prohibited ones, and others whose quantities it is desirable to limit.
“Milk, meat, fish and raw eggs should not be offered to children under 3 years of age because of the risk of toxoplasmosis“, insists the nutritionist. We therefore wait before offering our child: homemade chocolate mousse, steak tartare, carpaccio, raw salmon, sushi, raw cold meats or even raw milk cheeses.
Honey will only be offered from one yearand always pasteurized, to avoid the risk of botulism.
“Table salt and sugar should also be avoided.as well as foods that are rich in them: sweets, cakes, sweet drinks, sweet dairy products, cheese, cooked cold meats, salty biscuits, etc. “says Aurélia Bardot.
Salt is a flavor enhancer that modifies the perception of the taste of food: it is therefore preferable that the baby learns to like food without salt. Also, his kidneys are not yet mature enough to eliminate large amounts of salt.
As for sugar: its early consumption in childhood would increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood.
Amount of food per day
If the food balance is not done over one day and the baby can regulate his food consumption over several days according to his appetite, we can still have an indication of his average intake in the different food groups. .
“It is important not to “force” your child to finish his plate, nor to limit him if he is still hungry: young children know how to regulate themselves very well and the meal must remain a convivial and pleasant moment” insists the nutritionist.
Per day and as an indication, a child between 10 months and one year will need approximately:
– 350 g mashed potatoes : half vegetables, half starches or infant cereals. Rice/zucchini, potatoes/carrot, fine semolina/broccoli…
– 1 to 3 compotes or fruits crushed or melting walls: bananas, red fruits, kiwis, peaches, apricots, …
– 20 g of meat, fish or egg : namely the equivalent of 3 teaspoons or ½ egg. “We recommend offering fish about twice a week, alternating fatty fish and lean fish” indicates the nutritionist.
– One tablespoon of oil per day: the equivalent of one teaspoon per meal. Rapeseed oil can be added after cooking, and alternated with olive oil which supports cooking well. “We can occasionally replace the oil with a knob of butter or a teaspoon of fresh cream” specifies the nutritionist.
What milk needs?
The 10-month-old child may eat more and more variety, her milk needs remain high.
“Between 10 months and a year, the baby needs at least 500 ml of infant milk per day, and on average 800 ml” indicates the nutritionist.
If he is breastfedhe can continue to drink on demand.
And the yogurts?
As they grow and diversify their diet, some children begin to refuse the bottle, which makes it more difficult to meet dairy product requirements.
Yogurts can then be a good alternative to formula milk. “It is therefore desirable to choose infant milk yogurts, which are both richer in iron and essential fatty acids and less rich in protein” specifies Aurélia Bardot.
What breakfast at 10 months
– Breastfeeding, or a milk bottle second age: between 200 and 250 ml
Then according to appetite:
– A fruit or a compote,
– or an infant biscuit, a boudoir or a piece of bread.
What lunch at 10 months
– Puree of vegetables with fondant pieces + starches well cooked but not blended: about 200 g
– Three teaspoons of meat or fish or ½ hard-boiled egg,
– A teaspoon ofoil or other fat,
– A yogurt, fromage blanc or petit-suisse with infant milk.
Possibly and according to the appetite: a fruit cooked or very ripe or stewed.
What to taste?
– a fruit cooked or very ripe or stewed,
– a yogurt infant milk,
Optionally and according to appetite: an infant biscuit or a boudoir-type cake.
What evening meal at 10 months?
– Puree of vegetables with fondant pieces + starches well cooked but not blended: about 150 g,
– A teaspoon of‘oil or other fat,
– Breastfeeding, or a bottle of milk 2nd age from 200 to 250 ml.
“It is undesirable to give meat, fish or eggs twice a day, so if the child has had it at noon, he can do without it at dinner” indicates the nutritionist.
DME: child-led diversification
Some parents offer their child eat independently : we then speak of child-led diversification. Generally implemented from the age of 6 months, it is however possible to offer it later, around 10 months.
The DME allows the toddler to stimulate his senses and his fine motor skills, and it encourages him to respect his hunger and satiety and to regulate himself perfectly.
“The DME is a very good mode of feeding for the baby, which, according to studies, would make it possible to limit the risks of obesity” adds the nutritionist.
The principle ? Offer the child – previously properly installed in his high chair and always supervised by an adult – food in sticks or pieces that they can grab by hand. Food should be firm enough not to crush in their hand, and soft enough to be swallowed easily.
Among the non-exhaustive list of foods that lend themselves well to it:
– broccoli florets,
– cooked carrot or zucchini sticks,
– baked potato or sweet potato “fries” with a teaspoon of oil,
– slightly hard bread or rice cakes,
– peeled orange wedges,
– well-ripened fruit in pieces,
– tender cooked pieces of meat,
– fish, making sure to remove all the bones,
– pieces of avocado,
The oil can be sprayed directly on cooked vegetables. “You have to let the children eat with your fingers without being afraid that they will get it everywhere” insists Aurélia Bardot.
Should only organic be given at this age?
Free of pesticides, chemicals and GMOs: the products from organic farming are necessarily a choice favor for the toddler, more fragile than the adult and in full growth.
However, we must not demonize everything that is not organic: we must not forget that infant foods are subject to very strict regulations which guarantee their nutritional composition and quality.
Fresh and seasonal non-organic fruits and vegetables can be offered to the baby: it is then preferable to wash them well and peel them, any pesticides being concentrated in the skin.
Risks of deficiencies?
Breast milk contains very little iron, and may not be enough to meet the iron needs of a 10 month old baby. “On the other hand, it contains lactoferrin, which increases the absorption of iron from food” specifies the nutritionist.
We can therefore advise the breastfed child foods rich in iron such as black pudding, offal, meat, fish or legumes, and offer them during the same meal foods rich in iron. vitamin Cwhich facilitates the absorption of iron.
“Babies who are still breastfed will need to take a supplement in ironbecause breast milk is poor in it, while second-age milk is enriched with it” specifies the nutritionist.